capco institute journal #56





ROLAND A.J. MEES | Professor of Practice of Business Ethics, University of Groningen and Director of Sustainable Finance,
ING Wholesale Banking

Since the introduction of the “sustainability-linked loan” (SLL) in April 2017, the market for this lending product has grown significantly. The SLL is a loan where the interest margin is linked to the sustainability achievements of the borrower. If the borrower improves its sustainability performance, the margin decreases, and vice versa. 

This article provides an overview of the features of the product, currently offered by over 500 banks worldwide, including real life examples of SLLs. It highlights market developments (quality standards for SLLs, product diversification, and growth of the syndicated SLL market) and it discusses how the risks of greenwashing that come with this product can be mitigated. The risks of greenwashing are high, which means that the parties involved will have to make a greater effort to maintain the integrity of the SLL product.

We conclude with some reflections on the kind of commitment by corporates and banks that is required for keeping up the integrity of the SLL, a type of loan which is intended to contribute to the goals of the Paris Agreement and the net zero targets that many companies and banks have stated in public.